montage of a roofer on a ladder, shingles being made and being measured
Contractor Resources

How to Choose the Right Roof Ladder for the Job


How to Choose the Right Roof Ladder for the Job

Table of Contents:

  1. All about roofing ladders
  2. Ladder Style
  3. Ladder Size (Length)
  4. Ladder Duty Rating
  5. Ladder Materials
  6. Hooks and Stabilizers
  7. Accessories for Improving Ladder Stability
  8. The benefit of a great roofing ladder

As a residential roofer, your tools are an important part of everyday life. When used properly and chosen carefully they can help keep you safe, make the job go more smoothly and allow your work to really shine.

Choosing a roofing ladder should be no different.

A good ladder can give you easy access to heights and support you as you work on awkward roof slopes (always combined with proper fall arrest measures, of course). The different variations of ladders available to choose from, plus the supporting accessories available, can make a world of difference between a long, laborious installation and a quick, efficient one.

With that in mind, read our tips below. Choose wisely by thinking about the houses and sites you work on and what obstacles a good ladder might help you overcome. There are a ton of neat – and helpful – features out there and some innovative add-ons that will make it seem like the world of ladders has been personalized just for you.


All about roofing ladders.

Ladders come in all different shapes and sizes and feature many different characteristics to make your job safer and easier.

So, before you begin your hunt, think about what you’ll use your ladder for, or what different combinations of ladders you may need to complete a job. Consider your daily tasks on the job site – do you need access to the roof, a means to scale the roof itself, or an elevated ladder beside the home that can double as a mini work station?

For instance, to install shingles, you will likely need a stepladder or extension ladder to get to the roof and then a roofing ladder affixed to the roof to complete the work. Be sure to always tie off your ladder using an anchor (or other stabilizer) to ensure it doesn’t slide sideways as you get onto the roof. We mention a few options further below in our “Stabilizers” section.

(Source: ProToolReviews.)


Ladder Style


Fixed ladders are installed as a permanent or long-term fixture of a building or facility. Residential roofers for the most part won’t come across this style often in their work, because they are most often seen in commercial applications, when access to a roof is required year-round.

fixed ladder



These are ladders that stand on their own, knowns as stepladders or A-Frame ladders. These come in a range of sizes and load rating – from your typical household ladder to more professional grade styles, which can handle heavier weights.

A frame stepladder 3 step stepladder

Non Self-Supporting

As the name suggests, a non self-supporting ladder is usually called a straight ladder or extension ladder and must lean up against something (i.e. a building) to be secure.

extension ladder leaning on gutter - downward view
roofer climbing extension ladder


(Source: Roofing Contractor
and American Ladder Institute.)

Residential roofers will most often use a combination of different ladders to install shingles or complete other roofing tasks. Roofers will usually use an extension ladder to gain access to the roof and a second extension ladder with wheels and hooks (to secure it to the ridge of the roof), to complete the work from the roof.

Roofing ladder

A roofing ladder is simply an extension ladder that has been securely attached to the ridge of a sloped roof to allow a roofer to work from an angle (though, no more than 75 degrees) on the roof.

ladder leaning against gutters next to ashalt shingles - roofer climbing ladder
roofer using table tray ladder


To secure the extending roof ladder, a pair of roof hooks should be installed onto the ladder. These are often accompanied by rolling wheels that allow you to push the ladder up the height of the roof.

roofer climb on ladder with ridge hook

Never rest your ladder on the eavestrough or gutter of a roof as a sole means of support – this will not be able to hold the weight of workers and/or materials.

Though technically not a ladder, there is also a roof support system called a “crawl board” or “chicken ladder” that comprises a board that’s hooked onto the roof ridge with smaller boards nailed to it that act as foot holds, called cleats. The Occupational Health and Safety Association has detailed requirements for these boards, so be sure to familiarize yourself with them before purchasing or building your own crawl board. (See Section 13-24 here.)


Ladder Size (Length)

Ladders come in lengths that can vary anywhere from two to 40 feet. To get maximum length, you may need an extension ladder with multiple layers, which will usually offer either a roll or pulley system to allow the full length of the ladder to be let out.

ladder length requirement

How to calculate the length you need

Wondering what size of ladder to get on the roof? When considering how tall a ladder needs to be to reach a roof, don’t forget that useable height of a ladder is different than its actual height. Keep this in mind when calculating the minimum height the ladder must be to reach the roof.

For instance, on an extension ladder, you can only use up to the top three feet. If you step higher than this, the ladder may become unbalanced and risk tipping.

Meanwhile, on a step ladder, you can only use up to the second to last step (top two feet) safely – any more than that and the ladder will become unstable.

This extra space also gives you something to hold on to when getting off the ladder, and can also be used to store materials if your ladder has a platform or utility rung.

roofer climbing extension ladder
rooofer's safety equipment resting on ladder


(Sources: American Ladder Institute, Pro Tools Reviews . CAA Quebec and Simplified Safety.)

Extension ladder length

When choosing an extension ladder length, be sure to factor in the angle at which it will lean. When you’re leaning it against a building or wall, OSHA requires the base to be set back from the building one foot for every four feet of height to ensure stability. If you overshoot the height, the feet may slip out. If you undershoot, may have to climb higher than is allowed and lose your balance.

extension ladder length calculation

So, for instance, if you have a 60 foot ladder, it will end up reaching only 58 feet because of the angle. (Source: ProTools Review.)


Ladder Duty Rating

Pay careful attention to the duty rating of a ladder before you make your purchase. This is the maximum weight of person and materials – or “live load” – a ladder is rated for. When using a ladder, never forget to calculate the weight of materials you are carrying and add that to your own body weight – heavy roofing materials such as shingles can add up quickly, and may bring you close to the maximum load your ladder can handle.

roofing with maximum load on ladder

Ratings are created by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and enforced by OSHA.

Here are the different ratings available.

  • Type III-Light Duty 200 pounds (household use).
  • Type II-Medium Duty 225 pounds (commercial handymen, light maintenance and mechanics).
  • Type I-Heavy Duty 250 pounds (tradesmen, construction and industrial).
  • Type 1A-Extra-Heavy Duty 300 pounds (industrial use).
  • Type IAA rated for 375 pounds (heavy-duty industrial use).

Also look for an ANSI sticker: this will certify the ladder can hold its own weight plus four times the max rated load (this is a built-in safety buffer to ensure your ladder will hold – but always follow the indicated rated load).

The sticker will also remind you to only use the ladder for the purpose it was designed, and that you should complete proper training on use and maintenance before using the ladder. (Source: Roofing Contractor.)

In fact, OSHA requires that your employer give you training on safe practices of the tools you use at the worksite, including ladders, as part of fall prevention safety practices. If you are self-employed, you must complete these requirements yourself. You can find further resources on the OSHA website.

Here’s what a typical rating sticker will look like

ladder rating sticker example

In Canada, these categories are similar but slightly different. The Canadian Standards Association (CSA) divides ladders into three categories: Domestic (up to 200 lbs), Professional (up to 225 pounds) and Industrial (up to 250 pounds). See “load capacity” section here.

Remember, there is no relationship between the height of the ladder and how much weight it can handle.

aluminum extension ladders used in roofing job


Ladder Materials

There are a handful of different materials available when choosing a ladder for roof work. Like with style and weight, consider what you will use your ladder for to find the right choice for your work.

Aluminum is lightweight, popular and highly weatherproof. An aluminum roof ladder is generally seen as a versatile, long-lasting and can stand a lot of wear and tear – although it may be a little more prone to dings or scratches than heavier metal. Aluminum ladders are considered average in the ladder material price range.

aluminum a frame ladder aluminum extension ladder

Steel (or stainless steel) is another highly durable material, but needs to be rust-proofed first to protect it from the elements. It is also the heaviest of the materials listed, so may not be suitable for all roofing applications. This is a costlier material. You may often see this type of ladder in fixed, commercial applications. Chicken ladders (as mentioned above) are also often made of steel.

steel ladder

Wood ladders are usually pressure treated and varnished to make them weatherproof and are often crafted from beech wood, ash or plywood laminated and glued in layers. Side rails and rungs are glued on and screwed on.

Wood ladder

(Source: What to Pay Attention to When Buying a Roofing Ladder.)

Some say wood ladders have a shorter lifespan than their aluminum counterparts and are damaged more easily. Wood is also considered a more affordable option. When dry, wood is non-conductive, so if you are working near electrical materials, this may be a good choice. However, it becomes conductive when wet.

On that note, remember that ladders should always be kept at least 10 feet away from live electrical lines. If you’re working around electrical hazards or wires, consider using a fiberglass ladder – this is also a non-conductive material that promotes safety.

Fiberglass ladder

Fiberglass can be a pricier option. Fiberglass ladders are typically heavier than their aluminum counterparts and less prone to damage. Often, you’ll find an aluminum ladder with reinforced fiberglass side rails, which is another popular choice.

(Sources: Ontario Infrastructure Health and Safety, Roofing Contractor and Tools of the Trade.)


Hooks and stabilizers

To secure your ladder to the ridge of your roof, you’ll need a pair of roof ladder hooks. This is a crucial type of ladder stabilizer for roof work. The hooks should be padded or made of a material that won’t damage the roofing shingles.

roof ladder hook

Experts recommend that when choosing a ladder to work on a steep pitch roof, you should install a roof ladder hook kit that’s made by the same manufacturer as the ladder itself for material consistency and a tight fit. You’ll also need wheels for your on-roof ladder, to allow it to be slid to the ridge of the roof without damaging shingles or other roofing materials. These wheels are often included alongside your roof hooks if you purchase a universal roof hook kit.

There is an abundance of other roof ladder stabilizer accessories. For example, you may consider rubber anti-slip safety mats on which to rest the feet of the ladder. These are helpful if the surface you’re working on doesn’t allow you to embed the ladder feet into the ground (like you can when resting the ladder on grass or soil) or screwing it into a deck.

ladder leg leveler
ladder ridge anchor hook


You may also want to purchase soft plastic mitts that slip over the top of an extension or straight ladder or a rubber gutter protector. Or, use a stabilizer bar, which is affixed to the side of a house using rubber grips and allows you to spread your weight while you rest the ladder against. All of these options give you good access to gutters, soffit and fascia without damaging the side of the home.

You can also choose a ladder mount guard, which attaches to the gutters but adds protection from scuffing and damage, while providing a safe docking station for the ladder – a crucial consideration for ladder safety, as it prevents the ladder from sliding or moving sideways.

ladder mount guard

As noted above, ladders that aren’t secured using these ladder stabilizers should always be tied off using an anchor to secure the ladder in place.

To create a reliable anchor, consider screwing eye screws into a 2X4 board that you then screw into the fascia of a roof. Then you can use rope to tie the ladder to the eye screws (see here for details).

ladder tied to eye screws
ladder stability anchor


We’ve covered the basics of style, weight, size and material. But these days, ladders come with all different sorts of additional features to make your life easier when completing a roofing job. These are especially helpful if you’re working in a hard to reach area or on uneven terrain.

Check out some of these inventive options to further customize your roofing ladder choices.

  1. Extra-wide rungs to give you more foot room
    • Look for a ladder with extra-wide rungs. if you have large feet, or simply want better stability.
    • Extra-large rungs may also help with your balance and agility when moving up and down the ladder.
  2. D Rung ladders
    • Any exterior roof ladder you choose should have non-slip serrated rungs to give you a good foothold.
    • For added foot stability, you might also want to consider a D-Rung style ladder.
    • These rungs offer a horizontal stepping surface for added comfort and stability when on the ladder.
      non-slip serrated ladder rungs
      D Rung ladder closeup
      D Rung ladder
  3. Podium or platform ladders
    • If you’re looking for a multi-purpose ladder to complete tasks around the soffit/fascia or gutter areas of the roof, you may need an platform ladder.
        • These are like A-frame (step) ladders but with a flat surface on the top section upon which you can store your tools and light work materials. Some models also allow you to stand right on the platform, and a chest-high safety bar, for greater balance and stability while working at height.
          Podium ladder
          platform a frame ladder
          platform ladder
    • Ladders for uneven surfaces
      • If you’re working on a surface that isn’t perfectly flat, consider a ladder with adjustable legs to give your ladder greater stability on the ground.

      Ladder for uneven surfaces

  4. Ladders with built-in levels
    • Ladder angle safety is important. As mentioned, OSHA requires that for every four feet of height, the ladder must be set one foot away from the building it’s leaning on.
    • An easy way to measure this is to purchase an extension ladder that comes with bubble levels. Just like when you’re hanging a picture, using these levels gives you instant confirmation your ladder is angled correctly.
    • The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) also offers an app to help determine proper angle.
  5. Combination ladder
    • Consider a two-in-one ladder that allows you to transform a step ladder (A-Frame) into an extension ladder by swinging the back side of the ladder around and up.
  6. Articulated ladder
    • Articulated ladders offer one or more pairs of locking hinges to give you the option to set it up in several different configurations.
          • This gives you the option to create an extension ladder, stepladder, double-front ladder, scaffold ladder or work table, at any given point.
            m shape folded Articulated ladder
             scaffold ladder
  7. Double-sided A-Frame ladders (twin stepladders, double-front ladder or trestle ladder)
    • A double front ladder is a stepladder that’s designed to be climbed by two persons at the same time, one on each side.
      double-front ladder
      twin stepladder
      • This is in contrast to a traditional stepladder, where the back side only provides stability but is not useable or weight-bearing.
        trestle ladder
  8. Telescopic roof ladders
    • A telescoping extension ladder collapses, rather than sliding a parallel set of rungs behind the first, allowing for easy storage.
    • Be sure not to opt for the most inexpensive telescopic roof ladder, and check out user reviews thoroughly before purchasing, because some may pinch your fingers when folding away.
      Telescopic roof ladders
      telescopic roof ladder
  9. Tripod ladders
    • If you’re looking for extra stability on your ground surface, consider a three-legged ladder that can allow you to adjust the length of the back leg.
      tripod ladder

Accessories for Improving Ladder Stability

There are three basic types of ladder stability accessories: those that give the ladder better footing, those that give the ladder a more stable connection with whatever you have leaned it against, and those that make the ladder safer and simpler for you to use. We’ll discuss all three categories below.

Accessories for Ladder Footing

These accessories give your ladder more stable footing, especially when you have no choice but to place the ladder on uneven or wet ground.

  • Ladder shoe: Most ladders will come with their own set of shoes, also called foot assemblies or footpads. These are metal, plastic or fiberglass caps that attach to the bottom of the ladder’s legs to give it more grip on the ground. Many have unique patterns, like the tread on the bottom of shoes, to help with grip. Some feet come with rubber mats which you place beneath the ladder for extra stability. Other ladder shoes have a built-in joint. This flexibility allows the ladder shoe to remain in full contact with the ground even though the ladder is on an angle. Full contact with the ground is important for stability and makes the best use of the shoe’s tread.
  • Ladder leveler: When you’re working on uneven ground, you may struggle to find a spot to place your ladder. A ladder leveler solves that problem for you. It allows you to adjust the length of the ladder’s legs so that one is shorter than the other. This can allow you to safely place a ladder on a set of stairs or other uneven surfaces, but it is essential to ensure that the rungs are level, so you’re secure while you climb. Most ladder levelers come with their own ladder shoes. Some ladders will even have a leveler built in.ladder-leveler

Accessories for Ladder Stability

A major concern when using a ladder for roofing is what you lean the ladder against and how secure this contact point is. You should not lean a ladder against the roof gutters as the sole means of support, as they typically cannot take the weight and may buckle. Therefore, roofers need a solution to allow them to lean the ladder against the roof plane or the home’s siding. Roofers may also use other accessories to make this point more stable.

  • Ladder standoff stabilizer: This accessory has many names, including a wall standoff, roof standoff, ladder stabilizer and mount guard. All are U-shaped supports that attach to the top of the ladder. They give you the ability to rest the ladder against a wall or the roof’s surface. More dramatically, curved stabilizers allow you to place the ladder against the corner of the home. You should avoid those ladder mount guards which help the ladder lean against gutters as they may be unsafe.ladder standoff stabilizer
  • Ladder pads: Also called ladder mitts, these are caps that you attach to the top of the ladder to protect the surface it will lean against. Some are rubber for additional grip. Others are soft fabric that prevents the ladder from scratching siding and other materials.ladder mitts
  • Roof hook: Roofers may need to run their ladder to the ridge of the roof instead of to the edge. In this case, they will need a roof hook to secure the ladder over the ridge. Roof hooks often have wheels on the front of the ladder, so you can roll the ladder up the ridge without harming shingles, and then flip the ladder over to secure it. It should still be made of a padded material that will not harm the roof. The most secure ladder hooks have two roof hooks. Also, experts recommend that you choose a roof hook from the same manufacturer as the ladder, for material consistency and safety.
    roof ridge ladder hook
  • Ladder leash: Ladder leashes or anchors are tie-offs that you can use to prevent the ladder from sliding horizontally. If you do not have a roof stabilizer, you should definitely use a leash. You wrap the leash around one leg of the ladder and nail the leash to the surface the ladder is leaning against. You can’t use ladder leashes on top of shingles, as they will leave nail holes in the shingles when removed. However, you may use them before and during a roof tear-off. Or, you can attach a 2×4 to the roof fascia and then attach the ladder leash to the board. It is best to avoid ladder leashes that attach to gutters.
    ladder leash

Accessories for Ladder Safety
While these accessories do not make the ladder itself more secure, they make it easier for you to use the ladder according to safety guidelines.

  • Ladder tables and trays: You should not carry things up the ladder, but sometimes you may have to do some work while on the ladder. A tray will enable you to store the item, like your hammer or gutter cleaner, while you move up and down the ladder. Always remember to keep three points of contact with the ladder.
    ladder table tray
  • Hoisting wheel: Hoisting wheels allow you to move materials up to the roof while you’re safely on the ground. You might use other accessories or a boom truck to do this.
  • Ladder extension: This is not a whole ladder, but a few rungs that you attach to the top of your ladder. You shouldn’t lean this part of the ladder against the home or roof. Instead, this part should pop up above the roof face. Its only role is to give you more support as you make the transition from ladder to the roof.
    ladder extension


The benefit of a great roofing ladder

As a roofing professional, you know the tools of the trade are important for getting the job done right. In that spirit, never cut corners when choosing an exterior roof ladder – take your time getting to know the multitude of options available. When you select the ladder that best suit your roofing jobs, you’ll feel safe and secure and that support will show through in your work.